Pavua Hydropower


Pavua will be amongst Mozambique’s first renewables IPPs and will generate up to 120MW of electricity for the national grid

The country is also vulnerable to climate change, experiencing recurrent droughts and flooding which undermine food security, livelihoods and public health. Only approximately 11.7% of the population has access to electricity; the majority of whom are in and around the capital city of Maputo.  This lack of infrastructure remains a significant constraint to improving levels of education, healthcare and agriculture.

It is however, growing at a rapid pace, with 7.4% annual GDP growth in 2013.  The past five years have seen a boom of large-scale projects largely within the extractive industries such as coal, gas and timber. Energy consumption is expected to increase rapidly as a result of this growth.  Peak demand in Mozambique is expected to have risen from 364MW in 2007 to 1,352MW by 2030, according to the Generation Master Plan for the Power Sector that Norconsult completed for the Government in 2009.  However, Mozambique’s current allocation of installed capacity of 450MW, and therefore is struggling to introduce supply to accommodate this growing market.

The Government of Mozambique is therefore facing the dual challenge of mitigating and adapting to climate change while also increasing installed power generation capacity.  Increasing installed hydropower capacity has the dual advantage of supplying clean energy whilst also mitigating some of the worst effects of climate induced droughts and flooding.

The Pavua project will construct a dam and hydroelectric power plant on the Pungué River in the Sofala district of Central Mozambique. Pavua will be amongst Mozambique’s first renewables IPPs and will generate up to 120MW of electricity for the national grid: this is equivalent to 26% of the installed capacity supplying domestic customers in 2015. Pavua has also been designed to dampen fluctuations in downstream water levels. Regulating river flow will mitigate flooding risk, reducing maximum flood levels by up to 1.3m. During the dry season when rainfall is scarce, river flows could be increased by up to 32m3/s: this means more water for domestic consumption and irrigation and a reduction in the devastating impact of saline intrusion on crop yields. The holistic design of this project will therefore deliver reliable energy without compromising efforts to tackle global emissions and while also improving the productivity and climate resilience of downstream agricultural economies.

Picture of Pavua Dam

Pavua Dam

Primary Economic Benefits

  • The project was created to provide stability to the local energy supply in the Central region of Mozambique, to provide poor households and industrial customers with a reliable supply of renewable energy. This will further enable the local utility to expand access to new customers to expand connectivity rates beyond the current 11.7%.
  • The project will boost the generation capacity of the country by approximately 26% over 2015 levels.
  • Minimum river flows will provide a consistent supply of water for downstream irrigation projects.
  • The Project will develop the capacities of local participants and act as a catalyst for similar developments in Mozambique.

Primary Social Benefits

  • Provide a cleaner and cheaper source of greatly needed additional power to support Mozambique’s industrial and economic growth, particularly in the Beira corridor.
  • Regulate downstream flow, reducing floods and ensuring minimum flow, effectively protecting livelihoods and homes from flooding and ensuring water year-round.
  • Enable improved health and education in the city of Beira due to increased generation and distribution of electricity.
  • Create long-term employment opportunities at the plant itself as well as securing a more reliable livelihood for many others in other sectors through power generation and flood prevention.

Project Structure

The project will be developed by eleQtra as a private partnership between InfraCo Africa and Mozambican-based partner Tora Holding S.A. following a Joint Development Agreement signed in November 2015.

Project Relevance

  • This will be among the first IPPs in Mozambique, and may be the first IPP for renewables.
  • Partnering with local Tora Holding S.A. will share eleQtra’s international experience in achieving financial close with development finance to develop capacities in Mozambique.
  • Pavua will set a precedent for supplying clean energy whilst also mitigating some of the worst effects of climate induced droughts and flooding.

Pavua Hydropower


More Project Information

The ESIA Scoping Report public consultations will take place at the Tivoli Hotel in Beira, Mozambique on February 7th from 9:00-11:00h and the Pungwe primary school on February 8th from 8:00-11:00h. The Non-Technical Summary is available for download at the following link:

Comments can be provided at the aforementioned meetings or submitted to

Developer In Charge

Lauren Thomas

Further Resources